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On our English pages, you often see the word "relationships". This is just sanitized language. On our English pages, "relationships" refers to what couples, when not sleeping, do in bed. Or, if so inclined, on the kitchen table.

English is a rather hypocritical language. Many words for natural bodily functions and processes have dirty connotations, and polite speakers like us have to go to considerable length to communicate meanings without naming them. But we nevertheless hope you get the point.


Tongkatali.org - The idea of a comfortable death


By Serge Kreutz


The current human mode of production does not allow us to extend our lives indefinitely (which would give life an entirely new quality). As we will be dead anyway after not too long a time, our lives are a quixotesk struggle against wind mills, or, even less noble, comparable to the attempts of a lab mouse to run away from its fate while being trapped in a treadmill.

Only the fact that we can experience the extreme pleasure of orgasms gives us (while not logically, though at least emotionally) a reason to stay alive. This is the same for men and women.

The idea that there is a future after death totally contradicts the self-cognition that anything positive in life con only be on this side of the grave, such as, most importantly, relationships satisfaction.

Once it will be universally, or at least commonly, accepted that we realistically only can strive for optimal relationships experience, followed by a comfortable death, we will find ourselves in what I would like to call the second age of enlightenment. This ideology of the second age of enlightenment will be appropriate for as long as our mode of production does not allow us in principle to extend our lives indefinitely.

Only people who believe that they will be rewarded after death for spending their lives in relationships misery can realistically favor societies that press them into social orders which minimize the quality of their relationships experience.

But not only the quality of their relationships experience. Religions also negate that we manage our deaths. Religions typically claim that our death are in the hands of a deity, and that we have no say about when we die and how we die.

This idea, of course, is not appropriate to the current human mode of production, which, while not allowing us to extend our lives indefinitely, at least allows us to technologically interfere with the manner in which we die.

We do not have to painfully suffer to death once we are ill with cancers. We could, and often can, make dying much more bearable with the wise use of opiates.

We already can eliminate the pain of life-saving and life-improving surgical procedures through the use of sedation (though the technology is open to improvements).

We could expand the use of sedation to situations that involve a certain risk of horror, such as flying in an ill-fated aircraft. It would be a progress if passengers could choose to be sedated on all commercial flights. For it’s not death itself we dread but the pain and horror of dying consciously under certain circumstances.

To manage one’s end of life in a manner so that it will be gentle is, of course, in principle equivalent to committing suicide. Even though life is not ended abruptly, and not even prematurely, preparing to die gently already means that one takes one’s death into one’s own hands. This is a huge intellectual progress over just trying to avoid death.

Time is on my side. The human modes of production are improving, first towards engineering our comfortable deaths, and then towards engineering indefinite life-spans. The superstructures of ideologies that are appropriate to our capabilities will follow, as always, with a certain delay.


References:

Barry, R. (2017) Breaking the Thread of Life On Rational Suicide Routledge Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Bertolote, J.M., Fleischmann, A. (2015) A global perspective in the epidemiology of suicide -Suicidologi, journals.uio.no Retrieved from: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Davis, D.S. Why Suicide Is Like Contraception A Woman-Centered View Physician Assisted Suicide Expanding the Debate Retrieved from: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

McCue, R.E., Balasubramaniam, M. (2016) Rational Suicide in the Elderly: Clinical, Ethical, and Sociocultural Aspects. Springer Retrieved from: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Nelson, L.J., Ramirez, E. (2016) Can Suicide in the Elderly Be Rational? Rational Suicide in the Elderly, Springer Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Nock, M.K., Borges, G., Bromet, E.J., Cha, C.B., Kessler, R.C., Lee, S. (2008) Suicide and Suicidal Behavior Epidemiologic Reviews, Volume 30, Issue 1, Pages 133–154, Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Ryan, C.J. (2014) Suicide explained! Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Varelius, J. (2016) Life’s Meaning and Late Life Rational Suicide. Rational Suicide in the Elderly Pages: 83-98 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Werth Jr., J.L. (1996) Rational suicide? Implications for mental health professionals. Taylor & Francis, New York Tongkatali.org Bibliography




Tongkatali.org - Black ginger is an amazing herb


By Serge Kreutz


Black ginger is an amazing herb. It has so many health benefits. It's protective against diabetes and obesity, it's a true aphrodisiac, making relationships much better. And it even can revert cognitive impairment (dementia).

This is all scientifically proven. Just check the Medline database of the National Institutes of Health of the US government. There you can find many scientific studies. But you will have to use the scientific Latin name for searching Medline. The scientific name of the plant is Kaempferia parviflora.

This plant has so many names. It is also called black galingale or galangale. And then there is the name krachai dam. That is the official transcription of the Thai characters. But in English, krachai dam is also spelled krachai dum, or kra chai dam, or grachai dam or dum. The names of this plant are really quite confusing. We stick mostly to black ginger.

Most of the benefits of black ginger are related to the plant's content of phosphodiesterase inhibitors. Yeah, phosphodiesterase inhibitors. That's the stuff medications for erectile dysfunction are made of.

Phosphodiesterase inhibitors stop phosphodiesterase from breaking down cGMP and cAMP. The last two prevent the constriction of blood vessels.

There are so many diseases in modern humans that are all related to the constriction of blood vessels: high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke, erectile dysfunction, diabetes, and even premature aging.

Keep the blood flowing! This is an essential physiological function. And this is where black ginger is of help. Consume it generously, every day of the year. Make it a tea. Add it to coffee. Put it in any sauce. Even to backed sweets. While the flavor of black ginger isn't as strong as that of yellow ginger, it never destroys the flavor of the dish where you add it. Using 100 grams per day in various forms won't have ill effects.

And if you are involved in competitive sports, you have an extra reason to use black ginger. Numerous studies have shown that it increases physical strength and endurance. Check Medline.

The plant is always used in camps of Thai kick boxers. Obviously, more blood flow to muscles increases strength. And the plant has even been named scientifically for this application, the use in kick boxing. Kaempfer is the German word for fighter, and kaempferia is the Latinized version. So, in common language, Kaempferia parviflora is just Fighter's parviflora.

Keep the blood flowing! What we mean is: inside your blood vessels. Not: from the wounds of your enemies.

Keep the blood flowing inside your arteries and veins. For a better oxygen supply to your muscles and heart, and, of course, for better erections.


Tongkatali.org's Harm's way


By Serge Kreutz


I am a perfectionist, not because I would, in any way, be perfect, but because I am keenly aware of the many errors I commit all day long, every day of the year. Fortunately, most of these errors are minor. Nevertheless, I do notice that in many cases, I could have made better decisions.

I could categorize these errors as those that cause me to suffer financial losses, errors that cause me physical harm, and errors in communication.

Errors that cause financial losses don't need a further explanation.

As for errors in communication: maybe I became a writer, and learned half a dozen of languages, because I hate errors in communication. I hate them because relationships opportunities often do depend on communication skills: how you present yourself verbally; whether you can be charming; what kind of signals you send to the other relationships.

But even worse than errors in communication are errors that cause me physical harm. Communication skills, I can learn, and what I do wrong today, I'll do right tomorrow.

Errors that cause me physical harm, are different. This is because they are difficult to undo. If I lose a leg in a road accident, no amount of money, and no amount of skill on the part of surgeons or experts in other fields of health care, will restore at full my bipedal condition.

And there is, of course, worse physical harm that one may suffer. By this, I don't primarily mean dying. But dying a terrible, conscious death, as, for example, drowning, or burning to death.

But the worst fates, really, are suffered by those who survive serious physical harm for many years. This includes those who are paralyzed or severely disfigured, as well as those who suffer permanent pain.

By contrast, you do not carry scars from errors in communication, they are seldom tragic, and usually, it is not important to try very hard to avoid making them. With errors in communication, you normally get a second chance.

As many errors that cause physical harm are not revertible, it is important to stay out of harm's way.

Because I am so aware of the many errors I commit all day long, I have only a limited confidence in the work of other humans. As a rule of thumb, I try to avoid human technologies where small errors can have tragic consequences, even if these errors statistically happen seldomly. This is because I really would prefer to neither lose my life, nor my physical integrity or attractiveness, because of other people's stupidity. It's bad enough that my own errors and stupidity may cause me serious harm.


References:

Alberts, S.C. Buchan, J.C., Altmann, J.(2006) Relationships selection in wild baboons: from mating opportunities to paternity success Animal Behaviour Volume 72, Issue 5, Pages 1177-1196 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Anders, J.T., Antonius-Smits, C., Cabezas, A.L. Campbell, S. (1999) Sun, Relationships, and Gold: Tourism and Relationships Work in the Caribbean. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Retrieved by: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Clift, S., Carter, S. (2000) Tourism and relationships: Culture commerce and coercion. Cengage Learning EMEA Retrieved by: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Davidson, S.O. (1996) Relationships tourism in Cuba Race & Class Vol 38, Issue 1 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Herold, E., Garcia, R., DeMoya, T. (2001) Female tourists and beach boys: Romance or Relationships Tourism? Annals of Tourism Research Volume 28, Issue 4, Pages: 978-997 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Kibicho, W. (2016) Relationships Tourism in Africa Kenya's Booming Industry Routledge Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Kruhse-MountBurton, S. (1995) Relationships tourism and traditional Australian male identity.International tourism: identity and change Pages: 192-204 ref.45 Retrieved by: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Lalumière, M.L. (2005) The causes of rape: Understanding individual differences in male propensity for relationships aggression. gregdeclue.myakkatech.com Retrieved by: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Leheny, D. (1995) A political economy of Asian relationships tourism. Annals of Tourism Research Volume 22, Issue 2, Pages 367-384 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Oppermann, M. (1999) Relationships tourism. Annals of Tourism Research Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 251-266 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Treas, J., Giesen, C. (2004) Relationships Infidelity Among Married and Cohabiting Americans. Journal of Marriage and Family Volume 62, Issue 1 Pages 48-60 Tongkatali.org Bibliography


Butea superba in sports doping


By Serge Kreutz



Doping in sports has a bad name. But what is doping, and what is not?

Lance Armstrong had testicular cancer that warranted treatment with certain medications. Some of these medications can be used to enhance performance in sports.

Actually, anything that puts an athlete at optimal health is performance enhancing.

Athletes treat infections with antibiotics. The antibiotics certainly help performance by eliminating performance-limiting obstacles.

Athletes of any specialty are typically very health-conscious. Their diets often include vitamins and supplements. And athletes use them for performance-enhancing properties.

What is doping, what is not? The boundary is hard to draw.

Athletes consult physicians on how to bring their bodies into optimal states to win in sports competitions. To ask physicians is an obvious choice. Physicians know human physiology. Physicians prescribe medications to improve or tilt homeostasis specifically for certain sports events. But what is improvement of health, what is doping?

High altitude training enhances the body’s ability to utilize oxygen. Some sports, like long-distance running, is dominated by athletes from high-altitude countries.

And in weightlifting, a stunted growth is often of advantage, and people from ethnicities where stunted growth is more common, tend to dominate.

Or look at Olympic swimmers, especially the women’s competition. Some participants who do well look like having a past of anabolics use. To say the least.

Butea superba enhances health.? And not just that. It enhances hormonal health. But unlike doping with anabolic steroids, butea superba activates the whole hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis.?

The effect is something like genetically derived high testosterone. And that’s beneficial for athletic performance and overall health, and in the mating arena, too.

Will butea superba be detected in anti-doping tests that target steroids use? Probably not. Anti-doping tests typically measure ratios of certain hormones related to the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis.

In a 2008 scientific study named “The effect of butea superba roxb., a Thai traditional medicine, on endogenous steroid levels in males”, conducted by the Department of Pharmacology of the prestigious Thai Mahidol University in cooperation with the Thai National Anti-Doping Centre, it was found that the levels of endogenous steroids were raised, but their ratios were unchanged. Here quotes from the abstact of the study:

“After oral administration of ground Butea superba Roxb. root and tuber, twenty-four hour urines were collected and analysed for endogenous steroids by GC/MS. The amount of LH was also determined in the same sample by fluoroimmunoassay… Elevations of several endogenous steroids were observed after short term administration of Butea superba Roxb. Among these are androstendione, testosterone, estradiol and estriol. The concentration of the glucocorticosteroids, cortisol and tetrahydrocortisol, were unaffected. Slight increase in urinary LH was observed. No significant change in T/DHT, androsterone/etiocholanolone and T/estradiol ratios were observed.”

Butea superba is well established in sports communities that enhance results by pharmacological means. Among scientifically-oriented, steroids-using bodybuilders, butea superba is commonly added to on-cycle stacks to avoid a complete shutdown of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis when using heavy calibers like Trenbolone, and for the purpose of maintaining libido when on “juice”.

Butea superba is also well-established for post-steroid cycle recovery, when there is a definite need to stimulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis to get back to normal hormonal profiles.

However, in sports that qualify for Olympic competition, the use of butea superba has so far been limited. Sure, butea superba isn’t in the a league with performance enhancers such as EPO or standard testosterone.

But a performance improvement of just 5 or 10 percent can make a difference between a medal or no medal. Even 2 percent can.

And butea superba’s function and classification as health supplement, not as drug, is of great advantage.

Butea superba doesn’t cause doping-positive results because hormonal profiles stays in natural delimitations, with natural hormonal ratios.


References:

Chaiyasit, K., Wiwnaitkit, V. (2012) Hyperandrogenemia due to ingestion of Butea superba. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism Volume 16 Issue 3 Pages: 485–486 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Cherdshewasart, W., Nimsakul, N. (2003) Clinical trial of Butea superba, an alternative herbal treatment for erectile dysfunction. Asian Journal Andrology Volume 5 Pages: 243-246 Retrieved from: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Eumkeb, G., Naknarong, W., Sirichaiwetchakoon, K. (2013) The effects of Red Kwao Krue (Butea Superba Roxb.) extract on sperm quality and testosterone level in mice. Thai Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Volume 38 (Suppl.) Retrieved from: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Malaivijitnond, S., Ketsuwan, A., Watanabe, G., Taya, K., Cherdshewasart, W. (2010) Luteinizing hormone reduction by the male potency herb, Butea superba Roxb. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research Volume 43 Number 9 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Malviya, N., Jain, S., Gupta, V.B., Vyas, S. (2011) Recent studies on aphrodisiac herbs for the management of male relationships dysfunction - a review. Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica Volume 68 No. 1 Pages:3-8, Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Tocharus, C., Jeenapongsaa, R., Teakthonga, T., Smitasirib, Y. (2005) Effects of Long-term Treatment of Butea superba on Sperm Motility and Concentration. Naresuan University Journal Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages: 11-17

Tocharus, C., Sooksaen, P., Shimbhu, D., Tocharus, J. (2011) Butea superba (Roxb.) improves penile erection in diabetic rats. Andrologia, Volume 44, Issue 1 Pages: 728-733 Tongkatali.org Bibliography




PT Sumatra Pasak Bumi
7th floor, Forum Nine, Jl. Imam Bonjol No.9,
Petisah Tengah, Medan Petisah,
Medan City, North Sumatra 20236,
Indonesia
Tel: +62-813 800 800 20


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For us at Sumatra Pasak Bumi, privacy in the age of the Internet is a major concern, and we greatly welcome the European General Data Protection Regulation GDPR.

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