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On our English pages, you often see the word "relationships". This is just sanitized language. On our English pages, "relationships" refers to what couples, when not sleeping, do in bed. Or, if so inclined, on the kitchen table.

English is a rather hypocritical language. Many words for natural bodily functions and processes have dirty connotations, and polite speakers like us have to go to considerable length to communicate meanings without naming them. But we nevertheless hope you get the point.


Tongkatali.org's Source material: Africa


By Serge Kreutz


These are authentic reports on Africa which I have found on the Internet. As I can't be sure that they will continue to be available at their original URL, I include them here.

The first piece is on Madagascar, the second on Tanzania.

 

Madagascar

Please note that the opinions expressed in the post below are those of the authors, not mine. For my own opinions, please see my own articles.

LANGUAGE: Forget Madagascar if you speak only English. The upper class and expatriates and even tourists all speak French only (well, a few Italian tourists also). Language here seems to be a political issue instead of just a tool to do business. As bad as Mauritius for snotty attitude.

FOOD: Two types - low-grade Malagasy, and moderately expensive French. Times to eat are inconvenient. You have to fit in to local custom, unlike in Bangkok or Hongkong where you can eat round the clock. Okay, Phnom Penh sucks for late night eating too! Problem is I have my first meal of the day at 2 pm when most restaurants are closed. Office hours are weird too, closed midday, and don't stay open late to compensate for siesta - maybe it's the general strike factor. I don't know.

ACCOMMODATION: In Cambodia you'll get air-con rooms with TV and private bath for what here you pay for a fan room with shared bath. Hoteliers are either French or Pakistani and despite low season and few tourists they don't reduce the price. This wouldn't happen in Indonesia. Perhaps the state inflicts a set-rate room tax and thus there is little room for bargaining. Frankly I don't get it, in Thailand one can bargain in off-season, but not here except for long stay, like a month! Well, I did negotiate one reduced rate for a few days, but in general it seems that the Muslim hoteliers would rather have an empty hotel than a smaller profit. Very different from Chinese mentality in Thailand.

PEOPLE: More like Asians than Africans, especially the highlanders are so. Malagasies are polite and gentle. Nothing like the rude and rough Nigerians I meet in Bangkok. Okay, so Madagascar isn't Africa...

WOMEN: The Merina in the highlands are heartbreakingly beautiful. Many are gorgeous to my taste - I like slender, petite, delicate-featured, fine-boned females with Asiatic features). The cotiers (coastal people) are a lot more like Africans, can be, and usually are, as black as any Negro, and have Negro features. Problem is, it's the cotiers who look at me with a friendly 'I'm interested' look. The Merina, whom I think are stunning by comparison (as good looking as any Thai or Cambodian though they tend to lose their beauty younger than mainland S.E. Asians) are much less interested in me, judging by their looks. And they judge me by my clothing - something the black girls couldn't care less about.

TANA: Charming capital with lots of steep walking.

TAMATAVE: Boring port with no Merina.

MERCHANTS: In Tana mostly Mulsim, in Tamatave almost exclusively. Seldom mix with locals, it appears. They appear to be pure Pakistanis rather than Malagasies who are Muslim. Rumor is that Malagasies are against them in Mahajunga on west coast, as they have done before.

BACKWARD: Two examples, from service and agriculture... 1) Rickshaws in Calcutta are serious vehicles and the operators know how to use them. In Tamatave, they are uncomfortable (they look homemade), poorly balanced by operators and the guys walk instead of run. So what's the point of using them? I'll buy or rent a bicycle instead. 2) While in Europe, Egypt, India and China and every other civilization the plough has been used for what, a thousand years or more, here they use spades. Unbelievable! Malagasies aren't farmers, they're gardeners.

SCREWED-UP ECONOMY: Instead of manufacturing their own goods, virtually everything's imported from France - when it could be imported from India or China at a fraction of the cost. Must be some political-corporate machinations such as favorable tariffs for French companies rather than a free market. Of course many states engage in such restrictionist policies, but can Madagascar afford to, especially for its poor?

SEX: Best oral relationships service I have had in my life was here, not in Asia, or in Cuba either. The cotier gal was superb, and cheaper than anywhere in S.E. Asia. Problem is quality. Most hookers here have had children and are in their twenties. Not really appealing for me anyway. Many European men I meet here think that black Malagasies are the most beautiful women in the world. I suppose it is a matter of taste.

Oddly, or perhaps not so oddly, considering the global campaign against the relationships trade for the past decade, the age of consent for prostitution is artificially late in life. While a 15-year-old Malagasy woman might have a boyfriend, husband or even a child of her own, she is forbidden to have relationships for money. I denounce this law as anti-relationships fascism. Remember the motto of the 1970's feminism; "Our bodies ourselves"? Well, the option to work as a professional or even semi-professional prostitute is denied poor women in Madagascar. A 16-year-old girl, especially on the coast, is NOT a child, as nature and tradition are testimony to. Yet hotels forbid entry to women under 18 to engage in consensual relationships. Of course locals are doing it. I denounce this current trend as Christian capitalism against individual freedom.

QUESTION: Where is the best nightlife in Madagascar? Where are the most beautiful, sexually accessible women in Madagascar? … "Madagascar is a "relationships paradise", my German friend told me two years ago. Either he has very low standards or things have sure changed.

I am looking for legal-age (18) teenage non-Negroes, such as Merina, for commitment-free relationships. I don't care if they are girlfriends or prostitutes as long as I can be promiscuous, true to my genes, and rebelling against the modern trend to enforce the ethos of the great religions. I was going to go to another coastal city but I am isolated during the fight between two menm who both claim to be President. One is a Catholic (?) gangster, whose North Korean bodyguard fired on non-violent protestors and who favors France. The other is a Protestant and politically correct liberal who favors the USA. Who is the lesser of the two evils? Who is better for Madagascar? I don't know or care since I am a tourist. There is no libertarian tradition in this region. Even the sovereign republics of the pirates here were based on theft and violence, not human rights.

I get the impression that if one learns the language and settles down, it is very easy to have a girlfriend here. I am not interested in long-term monogamous arrangements however.

Jay

Chairman of the Phallic Panthers, an international militant organization dedicated to education in heterosexual male freedom. Women have plenty of their own groups. It's time for a revolution for individual men's rights. First step is a hearty celebration. Haven't had one here yet!

 

Tanzania

The following is from the World Relationships Guide. The first of the two posts is a sanitized version of an article that had been posted originally in the mid-90s. I am still searching my archives to check whether I have saved the original version somewhere. As a precaution against the information getting lost completely, if have included it here.

Please note that the opinions expressed in the two posts below are those of the authors, not mine. For my own opinions, please see my own articles.

Subject: EAST AFRICA
Date: Fri, 20 Oct 1995

These are my experiences from several trips to East Africa from 1990 to 1995. I always travel alone and the experiences you make if you travel in a group may be very different from what I describe below. I am male and I report from a male point of view for single male travelers. If you are offended by this, or if you are a feminist, then better not go ahead.

Abstract

If you have ever dreamt to be desired by several women at the same time and have another partner every night, then East Africa will be your destination of choice. Never throughout the world I have found relationships to be so free from cultural and social restrictions. Only if you play the game without a condom, you will probably sign your own death sentence.

MOST OF EAST AFRICAN PROSTITUTES ARE HIV POSITIVE. SORRY, THIS IS NOT A JOKE!

Prostitution in general

Unlike Western countries African prostitutes virtually never have any kind of organization. Many are part-time prostitutes and almost all are alone. This allows you to build personal long-term relationships if you happen to come to the same point several times. Due to migrant labor and millions of displaced people all over Africa (but in East Africa in particular) prostitution is socially accepted to a degree completely unknown to any Western country. OK, I mean it! I keep getting open offers in bars and nightclubs and there's absolutely nothing shameful about it. Everyone needs relationships and the Africans never went through this kind of crippling Christian education that tells you everything your body wants is bad. This is true of all African countries that are basically non-Muslim. Sometimes, managers have asked me if I wanted one of their employees for a night, or brothers ask me if I liked their sister, or hotel managers have come to my room after close. African prostitutes are also the cheapest I have come across in all of the many countries I have been to. It's very rare you pay more than the equivalent of 5 to 10 US dollars, and if the girl likes you, she may not ask any money at all. As a rule of thumb those who ask the money first are professionals. In my experience less than a third do. In some places I had the absolutely wonderful feeling I could have any women I like if only I ask.

Relationships and fun

Actually most of the time it's pretty hard to determine if a girl you take to your room is really a prostitute or just someone who wants fun. Things I found reported in this site such as being hurried to finish or having limited time (just an hour or so) or even being asked more money for every piece of cloth to take off, never happened to me in Africa, not a single time in hundreds of cases. Considering the reports I read on European countries (have no experience on this at all) suggest to me that what is goin' on there is a cold business that's just about the money. African girls always seem to really enjoy what they do (or they will not do it at all).

White faces

There is a long tradition in Africa that white is beautiful. In the markets, women buy a kind of cream that is supposed to make them lighter (actually it turns them yellow). Scientists (such as Leo Frobenius) have reported that white people were regarded as superior centuries ago. Don't feel guilty for what European powers did to Africa in the colonial age. This is history. Everyone who tries to make you feel guilty for this wants your best, that is, your money, for some reason or another. Believe me, African girls like white men. If you're white, you'll be exotic and desirable there. If you are Indian, they may not like you due to the social tensions that are rising between Indian and black communities in East Africa.

Tourism in Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa is not a monument destination. Most tourists either come there to see animals or to have relationships. You're in for an adventure either way but if you belong to the second group you better discover Africa the local way, that is, the hard way. The things that are goin' on on top of trucks, in buses and in those highway hotels you find along mud tracks dubbed highways are absolutely beyond your wildest dreams. If you travel Hilton style, this may ensure you have a hot shower every day and see relatively few cockroaches but you take too much of your American or European lifestyle with you to experience a mentality you will most certainly never forget.

Bars & Nightclubs

You can find out about specific nightlife offers from tourist brochures if you think you need to. But you don't need to. In virtually every bar you find single women that stick around for customers. It's simplicity in itself. Smile at them, let them have a beer and this is it. If you make local friends you also need not feel ashamed to openly ask where to go. It's even expected you will be in high needs if you are a single male traveler. In a place in Uganda I got stranded for two days to connect to another bus. I watched women doing some work in the back room of a shop and I could see their breasts move under their thin skirts while they worked. I remarked to a friend that they were very sexy. He asked where I was staying and turned up with two of them to choose from that night. In this case I know for sure that none of these girls were prostitutes in any sense. He must have just told them about my remark, they felt honored about it and both wanted to see me. They did. Both of them, of course. Unthinkable in the West, eh?!

--

Date: Wed, 06 May 1998

In response to your public description of Tanzanian women.

Having lived as a resident in Tanzania for one year, I know the following:

1) No Tanzanian ever performs a gratuitous act without expecting something in return. Although you may not see it on the outset, if you live there long enough you will eventually become privy to this sort of reciprocity. It is generally more subtle than American or European reciprocity, i.e., you are not asked to return a favor or fee, and the length of time of repayment can be longer. However, the person is always expected to return a favor or fee at some point; not to do so is seen as rude. This does not have to be at a later date but can be at any time.

2) Tanzanian women have relationships relations with their boyfriends in attempts to receive material items from them. This is very similar to many other countries. Even in America, women "marry up" while men "marry down." Many of the Tanzanian men, if not all, are paying their girlfriends in some way for their relationships favors, be it new kangas or plastic flowers, etc. However, relationships (unmarried) is taboo in Tanzania and you will not hear of these things unless you pry into lives very slyly.

3) I saw many a prostitute steal money from white tourists. Usually attempts to do this are made while dancing, or in the car, or hotel. I know many people who, after ignorantly dancing with a prostitute, or thief, went to buy a beer only to discover that their wallet was missing.

4) The prostitutes in such establishments are always accepted so easily because they give portions of their money to the management, not because "relationships is accepted as right anytime."

5) Tanzania is 30% Muslim, 30% Christian, and 30% "other religion." The relationships freedom you refer to (stemming from the absence of a Puritanical history) does not exist. Rather, any attempts to obtain relationships from a white or other man is an attempt to embark on some sort of economic transaction. In Sudan, for example, there are 24-year-old unmarried women who do not know what a kiss looks like. These women are no more or less Muslim than the Muslim or Christian women in Tanzania. All of the women I met in Tanzania regarded relationships as a taboo subject and were very reluctant to be perceived as whores by the menfolk by having relationships relations and thus they guarded their sexuality very closely.

6) Perhaps, to for once substantiate your theory, you should test it out. Before you have relationships with someone, tell them you are flat broke as you were just robbed, you have no clothes to give away, you want relationships for absolutely free and you do not want a wife or girlfriend, nor will you ever be returning to Tanzania even if your life depended on it. See how far you get into a bedroom. Then come back and inform people correctly about the relationships activity of people in another country.

I have never been so disappointed in a person before I read your page. Not only does it portray an entire people incorrectly, but you seem to think you know what the people in another country are like, and find yourself to be a sort of "authority" on the subject. As an anthropologist myself, I can state firmly that you have engaged in projecting your value system onto another group of people. For someone who has been to Tanzania so much, you seem to have very little grasp of what the people are about. What a waste of time. What a waste of time.


References:

Bullough, V., Bullough, B. (1987) Women and Prostitution - A Social History. Prometheus Books, Amherst, NY Retrieved by: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Chan, J., Mojumder, P., Ghose, A. (2019) The Digital Sin City: An Empirical Study of Craigslist’s Impact on Prostitution Trends. Information Systems Research Vol. 30, No. 1 Pages: 1-349 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Davis, K. (1937) The Sociology of Prostitution American Sociological Review Volume 2, No. 5 Pages: 744-755 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Hunter, M. (2002) The Materiality of Everyday Relationships: Thinking beyond 'prostitution'. Journal African Studies Volume 61, Issue 1 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Jahnsen, S., Wagenaar, H. (2019) Assessing Prostitution Policies in Europe. Routledge Tongkatali.org Bibliography

James, J., Meyerding, J. (1977). Early relationships experience and prostitution. The American Journal of PsychiatryVolume 134 Issue 12, Pages: 1381-1385. Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Korn, E. (2002) A Theory of Prostitution. Journal of Political EconomyVolume 110, Number 1 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Outshoorn, J. (2019) Ward, Eilís and Gillian Wylie (eds.), Feminism, Prostitution and the State. The Politics of Neo-Abolitionism. Sexuality Research and Social Policy Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages: 251–253 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Overall, C. (1992) What's Wrong with Prostitution? Evaluating Relationships Work Signs Volume 17, Number 4 Retrieved by: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Petrunov, G. (2019) Elite Prostitution in Bulgaria: Experiences and Practices of Brokers. Sexuality Research and Social Policy Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages: 239–250 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Reynolds, H. (1986) Economics of Prostitution NCJRS Retrieved by: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Silbert, M.H., Pines, A. M. Relationships child abuse as an antecedent to prostitution. Child Abuse & Neglect Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages: 407-411 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Is yohimbine a MAO inhibitor?


By Serge Kreutz


Are yohimbe and/or yohimbine MAO inhibitors? There seems to be a fair bit of confusion. The confusion is caused by the fact that while yohimbe and yohimbine are not MAO inhibiting in the same manner as drugs used expressively as MAO inhibitors (see list at the end of this article), there indeed seems to be some influence on MAO activity.

Ellen Coleman, RD, MA, MPH, claims on the Health Care Reality Check web site (quoted August 19, 1999):

“Yohimbine is a monoamine oxidase inhibitor which means that tyramine containing foods (red wine, liver, cheese) and nasal decongestants or diet aids containing phenylpropaanolamine should be rigorously avoided if it is used to prevent a hypertensive crisis.”

While the Health Care Reality Check web site is dedicated to the noble task of protecting consumers from quacks who will sell anything as remedy against any condition as long as it earns them a buck, they exaggerated their reporting on yohimbe and yohimbine:

“According to the FDA, documented health hazards include low blood pressure, weakness, and nervous stimulation, followed by paralysis, fatigue, stomach disorders, kidney failure, seizures and death. The FDA has declared yohimbine unsafe and ineffective for over the counter sale.”

This is simply wrong. Yohimbine may not be an over-the-counter medication. But yohimbine is a FDA-approved prescription drug. If it were inappropriate, the FDA approval would be withdrawn. And as far as “documented health hazards” are concerned, well, death, and a variety of diseases leading to it, are documented health hazards for many antibiotics. And like antibiotics, yohimbine is useful in spite of documented health hazards associated with it.

But the topic of this article is yohimbe / yohimbine and MAO inhibition.

Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibition is a profound physiological event, definitely not something to be overlooked in the description of any medication. Chairman MAO is an enzyme present in various parts of the body, primarily in the digestive system and the central nervous system. Its function is the deamination of foods and neurotransmitters.

The crucial impact of monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors is related to this parallel occurrence of monoamines in food and catecholamine neurotransmitters such as dopamine, epinephrine (adrenaline), and norepinephrine (noradrenaline). If the action of the MAO enzyme is interrupted, the breakdown of these catecholamine neurotransmitters is hindered. This is wished for in the treatment of Parkinson’s, a disease characterized by a depletion of dopamine.

MAO inhibitors are “dangerous” medications because they not only inhibit the breaking down of monoamine neurotransmitters but also can interfere with the deamination of monoamines in the digestive tract. If then, monoamines make their way past the digestive tract they can start acting in the same manner as neurotransmitters, primarily norepinephrine, on a number of physiological functions, especially blood pressure. A combination of MAO inhibiting drugs with many ordinary foods that contain tyramines is a sure recipe for hypertensive shock and death.

Usually, red wine, chocolate, and cheeses are given as examples of foods containing tyramines, but tyramines can occur in many other foods as well. Also, the tyramine content of foods is difficult to predict. The content of tyramines in many foods tends to increase with storage. In a fresher state, many different kinds of food have a lower (or insignificant) content of tyramines, while after having been stored for some time, the contents of tyramines are higher. There are very long and explicit lists on tyramine contents in specific foods, compiled for patients who have to take MAO inhibitors to control Parkinson’s.

Obviously, the above is not a complete characterization of chairman MAO and MAO inhibitors. For example, we have not discussed the difference between MAO-A and MAO-B, as well as the effects of MAO on behavior (low levels of MAO are associated with criminal behavior as well as with a polygamous lifestyle). Nevertheless, the above may already give the reader an idea why it is very unlikely that with a prescription medication such as yohimbine, there wouldn’t be an explicit warning if it were a MAO inhibitor.

Yohimex is one of several brands of yohimbine tablets sold in the US. Yohimex is a prescription drug with 5.4 milligram of yohimbine hydrochloride as the active ingredient, manufactured by Jones Medical Industries in Canton, OH 44702, and distributed by Kramer Laboratories in Miami FL 33174. As Yohimex is a prescription drug, it had to be reviewed by the FDA. It’s hard to believe that if yohimbine were indeed a definite MAO inhibitor, a specific note on the subject matter would be missing from the brochure accompanying every bottle of Yohimex.

Alas, the package literature contains no reference claiming that yohimbine would be a MAO inhibitor. The package literature has the following to say about the clinical pharmacology of yohimbine hydrochloride:

“Yohimbine blocks presynaptic alpha-2 adrenergic receptors. Its action on peripheral blood vessels resembles that of reserpine, though it is weaker and of short duration. Yohimbine’s peripheral autonomic nervous system effect is to increase parasympathetic (cholinergic) and decrease sympathetic (adrenergic) activity. It is to be noted that in male relationships performance, erection is linked to cholinergic activity and to alpha-2 adrenergic blockade which may theoretically result in increased penile inflow, decreased penile outflow or both. Yohimbine exerts a stimulating action upon the mood and may increase anxiety. Such actions have not been adequately studied or related to dosage although they appear to require higher doses of the drug”.

No word on MAO inhibition. The Mosby RxList website also does not mention yohimbine as MAO inhibitor.

(Reserpine is a white to yellowish powder isolated from the roots of certain species of Rauwolfia and used as a sedative and an antihypertensive.)

Well, yohimbine and yohimbe are not exactly the same. Yohimbe is the raw tree bark, and yohimbine is just one of its active ingredients that has been extracted. Even if yohimbine is not a MAO inhibitor, it may still be the case that yohimbe is.

We have seen a number of web sites that claim that either yohimbine or yohimbe is a MAO inhibitor, or that yohimbine isn’t but yohimbe is.

However, we haven’t seen any conclusive study on yohimbe and MAO inhibition. If yohimbe were a strong and definite MAO inhibitor, one would have to expect fatalities if the usual precautions against tyramine-containing foods were not heeded. Any herb that functioned as a definite MAO inhibitor would long ago have been classified as a poison. But yohimbe has been sold as a supplement for years. If incidences of death would have occurred after ingesting yohimbe because of yohimbe being a MAO inhibitor, it’s unlikely this fact would not be reported widely. Alas, there are no widely circulating reports of yohimbe causing deaths because of its effects as MAO inhibitor.

Sure, yohimbe and yohimbine cause side effects, which could be interpreted as an effect of MAO inhibition, mainly nervousness. But yohimbe usually does not cause an increase in blood pressure.

A safe assessment is that even if both yohimbine and yohimbe are not definite MAO inhibitors, they shouldn’t be taken together with MAO inhibitors. I would add that people who are on MAO inhibition medication are anyway not physically well enough to take an additional leisure medication as strong as yohimbe or yohimbine.

Now, while yohimbe and yohimbine are not MAO inhibitors to the extent in which the term “MAO inhibitor” is pharmacologically understood, there is nevertheless some correlation between yohimbine and MAO activity.

It has been documented that yohimbine is an anxiogenic agent, a substance that can induce anxiety in humans and other higher animals. The Yohimex package literature states: “Yohimbine exerts a stimulating action upon the mood and may increase anxiety. Such actions have not been adequately studied or related to dosage although they appear to require higher doses of the drug.”

Anxiety is the missing link between yohimbine / yohimbe and MAO inhibition, and it points to a possible explanation why yohimbine / yohimbe act as aphrodisiacs, apart from facilitating erections.

In 1996, a study on the effects of some anxiogenic agents on brain monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity was conducted at the Department of Pharmacology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India (Bhattacharya SK; Chakrabarti A; Sandler M; Glover V). The study was done on rats, not on humans, as it involved dosages of yohimbine far too high to be used for relationships stimulation. The study came to the conclusion that in a state of anxiety induced by a sufficiently high dosage of yohimbine, there has been a noticeable increase of MAO-inhibitory activity without specific MAO-inhibitory pharmaceutical agents having been added.

This is of course not surprising as in any stress situation, there will likely be increased epinephrine (adrenaline) activity in any higher animal. Epinephrine activity in the body is regulated twofold: as secretion and as deactivation through chairman MAO. Additional secretion and inhibition of deamination by chairman MAO have comparative effects: an increased epinephrine level, with the typical stress-related symptoms.

A reasonable hypothesis regarding the aphrodisiac properties of yohimbe and yohimbine would probably have to consider the effect of the bark and its active ingredient on the neurotransmitter dopamine. While the usual aim of any treatment with MAO inhibitors is to raise levels of dopamine to control Parkinson’s disease, it has been noted that raised dopamine levels normally also bring about relationships agitation.

The link between dopamine and relationships urge is so strong that scientific studies have been undertaken to check to what extent measurable dopamine levels correlate to relationships perversion (paraphilic disorder).

A 1995 research on “Dopamine and relationships behavior” at the Bernard B. Brodie Department of Neuroscience, University of Cagliari, Italy, came to the following result: “Despite some differences, most studies show that treatments that increase or decrease, respectively, brain dopaminergic activity improve or worsen, respectively, several parameters of copulatory activity, supporting a facilitatory role of dopamine in male relationships behavior.”

And a 1997 study at the Harvard Medical School in Boston on “A monoamine hypothesis for the pathophysiology of paraphilic disorders” drew the following conclusion:

“A monoamine pathophysiological hypothesis for paraphilias in males is based on the following data: (i) the monoamines norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin are involved in the appetitive dimension of male relationships behavior in laboratory animals; (ii) data gathered from studying the side effect profiles of antidepressant psychostimulant, and neuroleptic drugs in humans suggest that alteration of central monoamine neurotransmission can have substantial effects on human relationships functioning, including relationships appetite; (iii) monoamine neurotransmitters appear to modulate dimensions of human and animal psychopathology including impulsivity, anxiety, depression, compulsivity, and pro/antisocial behavior, dimensions disturbed in many paraphiliacs; (iv) pharmacological agents that ameliorate psychiatric disorders characterized by the aforementioned characteristics, especially central serotonin enhancing drugs, can ameliorate paraphilic relationships arousal and behavior.”

The study refers to the well-known fact that many medications for Parkinson’s disease, which all aim to increase levels of dopamine, have an increased relationships appetite as a common side effect. Many, but not all Parkinson’s medications are MAO inhibitors. If scientific studies were to be undertaken on any aphrodisiac effect of yohimbine or yohimbe (apart from their well-documented effect of making better erections), they would have to check on what effect yohimbine and yohimbe have on dopamine levels, either through MAO modulation or via any alternative pathway.

MAO inhibitors, generic names and brand names:
benmoxin – Nerusil, Neuralex
echinopsidine iodide – Adepren
etryptamine – Monase
iproclozide – Sinderesin, Sursum
iproniazid – Iprozid, Ipronid, Marsilid, Rivivol, Propilniazida
isocarboxazid – Enerzer, Marplan, Marplon
mebanazine – Actamol
metfendrazine – H.M.-11
moclobamide – Aurorix, Manerix (reversible inhibitor)
nialamide – Espril, Isalazina, Mygal, Niamid, Niaquitil, Nuredal, Psicomidina, Surgex
pargyline – Eudatine, Eutonyl, Tenalin
phenelzine – Nardil, Stinerval, Monofen, Fenelzin, Kalgan, Nardelzine
pheniprazine – Catron, Catroniazide, Cavodil, Fenizin
phenoxypropazine – Drazine
pivhydrazine – Neomarsilid, Tersavid
safrazine – Safra
selegiline, l-deprenyl – Eldeprine, Eldepryl, Jumex, Jumexal, Lesotal, Movergan (selective MAO-B inhibitor)
toloxatone – Hymoryl, Perenum (selective MAO-A inhibitor)
tranylcypromine – Parnate, Sicoton, Transamin, Transapin, Tylciprine


Read about marijuana and tongkat ali extract for meaningful relationships

or

Read a tell-it-all about Indonesian 1:200 extract (and a psychopath on the prowl for killings)


References:

Całkosiński, A., Kostrzewska, P., Majewski, M., Mandera, A., Pawlikowska, A., Szuster, E.M. (2019) Impact of cocoa on the human health Journal of Education, Health and Sport Volume 9, No 3 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Engler, M. B., Engler, M.M. (2006) The Emerging Role of Flavonoid-Rich Cocoa and Chocolate in Cardiovascular Health and Disease Nutrition Reviews, Volume 64, Issue 3, Pages: 109–118 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Katz, D.L., Doughty, K., Ali, A. (2011) Cocoa and Chocolate in Human Health and Disease. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling Volume 15, No. 10 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Marshall, S. (2008) Chocolate: indulgence or medicine? Tomorrow's Pharmacist Retrieved from: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Steinberg, F.M., Bearden, M.M. Keen, C.L. (2003) Cocoa and chocolate flavonoids: Implications for cardiovascular health. Journal of the American Dietetic Association Volume 103, Issue 2, Pages: 215-223 Winters, R. (2017) A Patriarchal Portrait of a Witch: Warning of Witchcraft in the Female Wiles. Ancient Orgins Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Veronese, N., Demurtas, J. Celotto, S. Caruso, M. R. Maggi, S., Bolzetta, F., Firth, J.Smith, L., Schofield, P., Koyanagi, A. Yang, L. Solmi, MS., Stubbs, B. (2019) Is chocolate consumption associated with health outcomes? An umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses Clinical Nutrition Volume 38, Issue 3, Pages: 1101-1108


Tongkat ali and the necessity of testosterone control


By Serge Kreutz

The world has a testosterone problem, but the problem is not declining testosterone levels of aging men, ameliorated by tongkat ali. The problem is uncontrolled testosterone in young males.

Tongkat ali is not for young males. Tongkat ali, and a tongkat ali stack, is for mature men with reduced libido. We are glad if we can be of help.

Adult or mature men usually have a strong sense of responsibility. They often are the head of a family, and good husbands and intuitive lovers.

These are qualities that young males (boys, youth, adolescents, young adults) usually do not possess.

Nowadays in many parts of the world, male youth are an unruly lot.

It used to be, in Europe up until about 100 years ago, that male youth were heavily disciplined. In some parts of the world, like rich Arabic gulf countries, male youth are still heavily controlled. But in much of the world, especially the Western world, it feels as if male youth have been unleashed.

In some countries of Central America, youth gangs terrorize whole cities. And in practically all of Latin America, youth gangs are a power to reckon with on the streets and in non-gated neighborhoods. .

While drug gangs may be less of a problem in India (because drugs are easily available, so there isn't much money in the trade) cliques of adolescent males prowl streets looking for gang rape opportunities.

The underlying problem is the same. Too much testosterone, too much relationships desire in young males, and no approriate outlets.

While in Europe and North America, it is deemed appropriate that females of about the same age are sexually available to young males, this isn't the rule for 80 percent of mankind... those living in Asia, Africa, and South America. If would be considered foolish for 16-year-old girls to have relationships with 16-year-old boys, or even for 19-year-old females with 19-year old males (they aren't men yet). No future in such relationships. The common perception is: let a man be 10 years older, then he has a sense of responsibility, and probably can handle a relationship.

So, what to do with all that excess male sexuality. Disciplining it, would be the classical approach. Even with corporal punishment.

But disciplining is out of fashion, to say the least.

Here at Sumatra Pasak Bumi (tongkatali.org) our approach is herbal. We can increase testosterone with tongkat ali, butea superba, fenugreek, and mucuna pruriens (velvet beans), and we can reduce testosterone with licorice, red glover, soy foods, and mint.

Useless testosterone in young males is a pest. It is responsible for almost 100 percent of all rapes, more than 90 percent of all violence against women, and more than 80 percent of all murders.

We sincerely appeal to all mothers: if you are preparing meals for your sons, do them a favor: dish up soy-based meals, and spice with licorice more than anything else, to reduce their high testosterone levels. And serve water in containers and cups made of bisphenol A. Because at least temporarily, those high testosterone levels have to come down.


Read about marijuana and tongkat ali extract for meaningful relationships

or

Read a tell-it-all about Indonesian 1:200 extract (and a psychopath on the prowl for killings)


References:


Aleksidze, N.G. (2019) The Quantitative Distribution of the Hormones of Love and Neurotransmitters at Psycho Emotional Stresses. Kosmos Publishers Retrieved from: kosmospublishers' The Quantitative Distribution of the Hormones of Love and Neurotransmitters at Psycho Emotional Stresses

Booth, A., Granger, D.A., Mazur, A., Kivlighan, K. T. (2006) Testosterone and Social Behavior. Social Forces, Volume 85, Issue 1, Pages: 167–191, Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Bradford, J. M. W., Mclean, D. (1984) Relationships Offenders, Violence and Testosterone: A Clinical Study. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry Volume 29, Issue 4 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Dabbs, J.M. (1996) Testosterone, aggression, and delinquency Pharmacology, Biology, and Clinical Applications of Androgens: Current Status and Future Prospects Retrieved from: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Dabbs Jr, J.M., Carr, T.S. Frady, R.L., Riad, J. K. (1995) Testosterone, crime, and misbehavior among 692 male prison inmates. Personality and Individual Differences Volume 18, Issue 5, Pages: 627-633 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Dabbs Jr., J.M., Jurkovic, G.J., Frady, R. L. (1991) Salivary testosterone and cortisol among late adolescent male offenders. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology Volume 19, Issue 4, Pages: 469–478 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Dabbs Jr. J. M., Riad, J. R., Chance, S. E. (2002) Testosterone and ruthless homicide Personality and Individual Differences Volume 31, Issue 4, Pages 599-603 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00164-1

Enema, O.J., Umoh, U.F., Umoh, R.A., Ekpo, E.G., Adesina, S.K., Eseyin, O.A. Chemistry and Pharmacology of Aphrodisiac Plants: A Review. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research (ISSN : 0975-7384) Retrieved from: Chemistry and Pharmacology of Aphrodisiac Plants: A Review

Freeman, S. (2014) Libido-enhancing therapeutic and use. European Patent Office Retrieved from: Google Patents

Geniole SN, Carré JM. (2018) Human social neuroendocrinology: Review of the rapid effects of testosterone. Hormones and Behavior Volume 104, Pages:192-205 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yhbeh.2018.06.001

Greenberg, D. F. (2008) Age, relationships, and racial distributions of crime. Out of Control: Assessing the General Theory of Crime Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.th/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Ko78yBtWBK4C&oi=fnd&pg=PA38&ots=lkEA5j7v-v&sig=_BiQx96oN_Yzjui0UPejFOMwdEY&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false

Manley, K., Han, W., Zelin, G., Lawrence, D.A. (2018) Crosstalk between the immune, endocrine, and nervous systems in immunotoxicology Current Opinion in Toxicology Volume 10, Pages: 37-45 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Mazur, A., Michalek, J. (1998) Marriage, Divorce, and Male Testosterone Social Forces Volume 77 Issue 1 Pages 315–330 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

McKenzie, N. (2018) Female Relationships Interest and Arousal Disorder. Physician Assistant Clinics Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages: 385–397 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Rastrelli, G., Guaraldi, F.,, Reismann, Y., Sforza, A., Isidori, A.M., Maggi, M., Corona, G. (2018) Testosterone Replacement Therapy for Relationships Symptoms. Relationships Medicine Reviews Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Retzler, K., (2019) Erectile dysfunction A review of comprehensive treatment options for optimal outcome. Journal Restorative Medicine Vol 8 No 1 Tongkatali.org Bibliography



Tongkatali.org's Understanding women


By Serge Kreutz


Not all women are the same. But the traits cited below are, to a larger or lesser extent, present in all.

1. Women, like all people, have economic needs. To meet their economic needs, they will make use of whatever empowers them. In what manner they will use it, depends much on local culture.

2. Women, even more so then men, are afraid of negative implications of their behavior. In simple English, most of us do not want to be punished. We also do not want to be slandered.

The above two traits are very much rooted in the present.

But there are also traits that are more genetic, and thus reach back hundreds of thousands of years.

The behavior of all of us is geared towards producing offspring. Character traits that are antagonistic towards producing offspring, just as character traits that come with an inclination to commit suicide, have a lower chance to be inherited when compared to character traits that support the idea of many children, because its carriers are not interested, or hanged themselves before the required act.

Both men and women have genetically encoded character traits that assure maximum procreative success.

For men, this means fertilizing as many women as possible. Whether men are playboys (pass-by flirtous relationships, no commitment), or harem possessors, is just a matter of circumstances.

Women are genetically more primed then men to be in a main relationship like a marriage. Women want children but are handicapped by having them. Men are not.

Because women with children are handicapped, they need and seek stable partnerships with a husband who is a protector and breadwinner.

This concern can become quite central to women, especially when they feel their relationships market value is in decline. Furthermore, in the own imagination of women, this trait usually expresses itself in more romantic terms such as “desire for true love”, “til death will us part” etc.

You know, if you as a man tell a woman “I love.you”, that doesn’t mean all that much. You have to say “I love you forever!” Sounds much better.

Sure, men, in certain circumstances, also value the idea of a stable partnership. But the motivation is different. Men do not need women as protectors and breadwinners. But in hard times, the economy of stable man-woman relationship is way superior to solo. This is why poor societies are more conducive to a female agenda than a male one.

It is also true that women often suffer more when a serious relationship breaks.

So far, so commonplace. But if you now think that you understand women, you are wrong. Because women are much more complicated, and it’s probably genetic.

Remember that those traits become dominant that assure the greatest number of quality offspring.

To bind a single man so there is a protector and breadwinner is only half the strategy. The other half is quality sperm.

She won’t necessarily get that from the man who is her normal partner. .

Because men can have many hundreds and even thousands of offspring, it does not matteer whether each mother is quality. Butbecause the number of offspring a woman can have is limited indeed, the inseminator should please be high standard.

This desire for best quality fathers manifests itself in many everyday occurences.

That female teenagers in droves fall in love with certain pop stars. Or the willingness to remain without a partner if a really good one is not in reach.

Even the fact that nons break their celibacy less!frequently than monks fits the picture.

But of course, while an alpha male may have good genes, he may not have the most fertile sperm.

For the genes of a men, the survival success rate is highest if they are spread wide.

For the genes of a woman, the survival success rate is highest if that sperm gets to an egg that is the winner of the widest possible competition is the one that fertilises.

Even the anatomy and physiology of the female primary relationships organ is bult to enable this competition. Sperm survives several days in the vagina in a sperm pool. The sperm of several inseminators can stay alongside each other with no detrimental effect. And when the egg descends, the race is on.

Our brains and our emotions are not independent. They have evolved to have a function.

Why do men have no desire after orgasms, and why is there a comparatively long refractory period. The answer: no ready sperm anyway for spreading genes.

And why can women have many orgasms in shorter intervals. The answer: it opens an opportunity for more sperm, from.multiple donors, to compete with each other.

Examine Internet porn. Loads of gangbang there.loads of bukkake, too. And it’s always a large number of men, and just one or two women.

This porn has been produced because there is a market for it. When porn had to be bought, men were the buyers. But did they buy it for their own consumption, or as a favor for female partners?. .

So far, all my women, if a relationship has been close enough, admitted to “many men” phantasies, and such phantasies reliably prepared them for orgasm. It feels to me as if these “many men” phantasies are a normal part of female sexiality.

That is what I say. What I do not say is that woman go out at night to get gangbanged.

Women have various character traits in various proportions, and these traits can well be, and often are, in conflict with each other.

That a woman may get turned on by gangbang porn. That never once in her life she will agree to be gangbanged.




PT Sumatra Pasak Bumi
7th floor, Forum Nine
Jl. Imam Bonjol No.9
Petisah Tengah
Medan Petisah
Medan City
North Sumatra 20236
Indonesia
Tel: +62-813 800 800 20


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Privacy policy of Sumatra Pasak Bumi

For us at Sumatra Pasak Bumi, privacy in the age of the Internet is a major concern, and we greatly welcome the European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

We have always been dedicated to privacy protection. The snooping and spooking of all and everybody is a pest. It’s not just the NSA and every large search engine and browser (we recommend Duckduckgo for searches and as browser), but even minor businesses that do their databases and customer profiling in hope of McDonald's style do-you-want-fries-with-that cross sales.

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We prefer communication by email using a gmail account because this is probably still the most private mode of communication (Hillary may disagree), and when we have information to disseminate to the public, we just publish it on our website. We do offer the option to communicate with us by chat apps if a site visitor so wishes, but prefer email.

If privacy is your concern, you are in good hands with us.